International Journal of Technology and Globalisation, Vol. 2, Nos.
By Greg Traxler
Abstract: This paper surveys the level and distribution of economic
impacts of GMOs in the Americas from 1996-2004. Key institutional factors
influencing GMO diffusion are discussed. In 2004 the Americas accounted
for 94%, of world GMO area. Diffusion has been concentrated; four countries,
four crops and two traits account for the vast majority of area. The economic
benefits of the diffusion of GMOs have been widely shared among farmers,
industry, and consumers even though delivery has been through the private
sector. GMOs have had a favourable environmental impact by facilitating
reduced pesticide use and adoption of conservation tillage.
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